Earthquakes had a $6.4 billion impact on agriculture in Türkiye
Rome/Ankara: Initial assessments on the impact of the devastating earthquakes in Türkiye indicate severe damage to agriculture, including crops, livestock, fisheries and aquaculture, as well as rural infrastructure in affected areas.
The earthquakes struck southern Türkiye and the northern part of the Syrian Arab Republic on February 6, 2023. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) said here today that the assessment of damages and losses in Syria will be released shortly as well as FAO’s plan and strategy to respond.
In Türkiye, the earthquake severely impacted 11 key agricultural provinces affecting 15.73 million people and more than 20 per cent of the country’s food production. The earthquake-affected region, known as Türkiye’s “fertile crescent”, accounts for nearly 15 per cent of agricultural GDP and contributes to almost 20 per cent of Türkiye’s agrifood exports. More than one-third of the population in these hardest-hit provinces live in rural areas and rely on agriculture for their livelihood. Disrupted supply chains and financial challenges are exacerbating the struggle of rural families to access and afford productive inputs, leaving them unable to meet basic needs and support their families.
Initial assessments indicate significant impacts on agriculture, with preliminary estimates of $1.3 billion in damage and $5.1 billion in losses to the sector. Damage refers to the replacement or repair cost of totally or partially destroyed physical assets and stocks, such as agricultural infrastructure, livestock and crops. Whereas, a loss refers to the economic and productive impact of the damage, such as reduced availability of food and higher food prices due to the loss of stored crops.
Besides collapsed buildings, and non-operational food sector structures, damaged crops and storage facilities, the earthquakes struck major livestock breeding regions, destroying barns and causing animal losses and injuries. Shelter shortage, feed scarcity and disrupted vaccine production have raised foot-and-mouth disease risks and concerns over deteriorating animal husbandry conditions. Fish production has also been compromised, with 34 fish farms and three fishing ports impacted and the loss of key fish species. Small-scale fishers and aquaculture producers will also suffer significant income losses due to the inability to resume operations.
Access to agricultural inputs has become increasingly challenging in the region, and numerous agricultural and livestock activities have come to a halt due to labour losses and shortages. This precarious situation raises further concerns as the summer harvest season draws near.
“Planting before the end of rainfall is our only chance to ensure a healthy crop for the coming year, given the damage to our irrigation channels and agricultural infrastructure. We need fertilizers now before it’s too late,” said Mesut Ozer, farmer from Nurdağı, Gaziantep.
FAO announced today of scaling its operations to help earthquake-hit rural communities in Türkiye and the Syrian Arab Republic sustain and recover basic food production while assessing agricultural damage and monitoring the longer-term and indirect impacts.
“The planting season deadline is approaching. We need to urgently support our farmers by providing fertilizers and seeds,” said FAO Subregional Coordinator for Central Asia and FAO Representative in Türkiye, Viorel Gutu. “This is our only chance to maintain crop production levels this year. We also need to provide animals with feed to maintain their health and productivity,” Gutu added.
FAO said it urgently seeks $112 million to deliver immediate and longer-term support to earthquake-affected families and communities in Türkiye. This includes $25 million under the United Nations Türkiye Flash Appeal issued in February 2023 to rapidly provide cash, livestock and agricultural support to 900 000 rural people.
To date, FAO said it has secured only $1.5 million of these requirements through its Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) and internal resources. With this, FAO said it has rolled out immediate interventions to safeguard livelihoods, including providing cash, rehabilitating damaged infrastructure at the household level, distributing livestock feed and providing quality inputs.